World Hypertension Day 2023: “Measure Your Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer”

Hypertension is a condition where the blood exerts greater force than is normal against the walls of the arteries. Additionally, this raises blood pressure. bad lifestyle decisions, bad dietary decisions, and a lifestyle that doesn’t involve much exercise are some of the main causes of hypertension. However, untreated hypertension increases the chance of developing heart disease or stroke. World Hypertension Day is therefore marked annually to raise awareness of the ailment and help people comprehend its importance. Patients with hypertension frequently experience a worsening of their condition as a result of their lack of suitable understanding. The goal of World Hypertension Day is to reduce this.

World Hypertension Day is a day set aside to emphasize the value of blood pressure monitoring and raise awareness of the 1 billion people who suffer from high blood pressure globally. A systolic blood pressure that is consistently above 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure that is consistently above 90 mm Hg is referred to as high blood pressure or hypertension. The leading cause of heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, and early mortality is hypertension. In most cases, high blood pressure on its own has no symptoms. Fortunately, you can avoid and manage hypertension by frequently testing your blood pressure and receiving therapy.

Since 2016, the CDC and international partners have collaborated to develop cutting-edge methods for preventing and managing hypertension and enhancing people’s general heart health in different nations. Find out your stats, get tested, and live longer.

A Message from Eminent Cardiac Surgeon Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty, Founder & Chairman, Narayana Health
video courtesy: Narayana Health

Date:

Every year, May 17 is observed as World Hypertension Day. This year, too, it will be observed on the same date.

History:

A grouping of 85 organizations from around the world that deal with hypertension societies and leagues makes up the World Hypertension League. On May 14th, 2005, the World Hypertension League established World Hypertension Day. World Hypertension Day has been marked on May 17 since 2006.

Significance:

For this year, the theme of World Hypertension Day is “Measure Your Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer”. People’s lack of awareness about hypertension leaves room for the illness to worsen. The risk of other chronic illnesses also greatly decreases when hypertension is frequently monitored and maintained under control. High blood pressure can cause a variety of symptoms, such as headaches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and breathing difficulties. This day aids in raising awareness of hypertension among the general population and encouraging research into effective treatment options. The promotion of healthy lifestyle choices that we might adopt to prevent hypertension is another benefit of World Hypertension Day.

World Hypertension Day 2023
World Hypertension Day 2023 | Govt. of West Bengal

Research:

According to WHO‘s India Hypertension Control Initiative Report, By 2025, India wants to have a 25% relative decrease in the prevalence of hypertension (high blood pressure). The Indian Government established the Indian Hypertension Control Initiative (IHCI) to expedite treatment services for the country’s 220 million hypertensive citizens. In India, just 12% of those who suffer hypertension have their blood pressure under control. One of the main causes of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which account for one-third of all deaths in India, is uncontrolled blood pressure. CVDs include heart attacks and strokes. The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Indian Council of Medical Research, WHO Country Office for India, and Resolve to Save Lives collaborated to launch the IHCI in November 2017.

Expert’s Opinion:

Vaskar Chakraborty from Mail Chronicle spoke to Dr. Kalyan Khan, Medical Superintendent cum Vice-Principal (MSVP) of Jalpaiguri Government Medical College.

Dr. Kalyan Khan | Graphics: Vaskar Chakraborty

He said, “The day when this particular ‘Day’ won’t be celebrated anymore will be the final cure for Hypertension. People should be aware of this particular thing. Blood pressure and hypertension is a serious issues and should be looked after in the early times. There are many reasons why this happens. Sometimes due to stress, due to tension, or physical stress. But many people don’t know at what stage or when he/she should visit a doctor to get tested for hypertension. Whenever you feel heavy in your head or you feel extreme pain at the back of your head, it means you might have hypertension. Other symptoms like vertigo can also be considered. But only getting tested will not work. We need to keep it under a level. This can be done by following a good diet, being proactive, stressing less, exercising, relaxing, etc.”

‘There are also some myths related to this. People misunderstand their age and blood pressure ratio. People also don’t have any idea about medicines. They just are careless and let hypertension take over them. Some people on the other hand are too focused on this hypertension, which is also a thing to worry about. A constant check is important, but not every 2 hours. Once in two days is more than enough to keep track of your blood pressure,’ he added.

When asked about Post Covid syndrome and hypertension’s connection, Dr. Khan continued, ‘There is a connection of course. Patients who have severe heart disease, or kidney problems and survived Covid-19 might have hypertension.’

Food lovers be aware. You all must keep a check on your salt content. Dr. Khan says, ‘Fast food definitely has an uncontrolled amount of salt, which must be cut off immediately. There is a limit to salt intake. There’s always a silver lining in the dark cloud. There’s still time, maintaining diet and controlling weight can make you win half of the battle.’

Observed in Social Media: